What is Smart Grid?
Smart Grid is an electricity network that can integrate actions or activity from all
users, starting from the generator and consument with the purpose of efficient,
sustainable, and safe electricity supply. (IEC 2010)
With Smart Grid implementation, expected to increase new and renewable
energy utilization thereby reducing carbon emissions. However, Smart Grid is not
only concerning technology problem but also concerning in national energy
policy---price policy, saving fossil energy, diversification, and energy conservation.
As stated by Syamsir Abdu—a member of the stakeholder of the national energy
interest council on the National Smart Grid seminar that runs by Puslitbangtek of
Electrtification, New and Renewable Energy, and Energy Conservation
(Puslitangtek KEBTKE) Badan Litbang ESDM—Ministry of Energy and Mineral
There is a huge gap between production and the need for gas, oil, and coal
commodity making DEN recommend to reduce oil and gas exports. The purposed
policy is to use it as development capital. Indonesia is rich in various new and
renewable energy potential, but the utilization of this huge potential is still low.
Thereby with Smart Grid, we can optimize the diversity of our new energy
The electrification ratio in 2013 is 80.51%. The uneven distribution between West
to East Indonesia. Even in Papua, the ratio is 36,41%. With using Smart Grid on
distributed generation can highly push the electrification ratio. People’s access to
energy is still difficult. Some people pay twenty thousand rupiahs for BBM, where
the price is higher than the international price.
Current energy subsidies are supposed to return again to the new energy section
which is the new and renewable energy development. National Energy Council
supported and push Smart Grid utilization which is a Smart Energy base to
guarantee of energy using that efficient, economical, and sustainable.