Energy Talk Series IV| Smart Building for Resilient Cities
Uploaded by Prakarsa Jaringan Cerdas Indonesia | 19th January 2021 Script Writer : Miftahus Salam
Editor : Nisma Islami Maharani & Cecilia Novia
Smart City & City’s Resilience - Citizens and businesses expect municipalities to offer not only a means to survive, but to support a continued thriving, economically and in wellness. Smart Building definition is Building that has integrated system, communication infrastructure, through the use of data and autonomous, intelligent processing through technologies that enable different objects, sensors and functions within a building to communicate and interact with each other and also to be managed, controlled and automated in a remote way.
Smart Building Stakeholder
Owner, investor, asset manager, city authority
Public sector and corporate organization that are leasing or occupying the buildings
Property and facility manager
Individual tenants and occupants
Smart Building Criterias
Smart Building Benefit
Direct Benefit for Building Owner/Management
Lower operating cost
Attraction for new tenants
Healthy & productive workspace
Safety and security
Indirect Benefit for City Authority
New digital jobs
Enhanced city management
Increased citizen engagement, accessibility and inclusion
Increased city and community vibrancy
Increased capabilities to support new working and learning options
Innovation Benefit for Innovator/Researcher
More effective new city service
New digital innovation ecosystem supporting future innovation
Smart building as connected intelligent nodes
Enhanced city reputation
Smart Building act as connective tissue, linking a municipality and its citizenry by fostering human interaction and by supporting IoT rich environments.
Smart City is a city that can utilize its resources effectively and efficiently to solve any city challenges using smart solution by providing infrastructures and deliver city services to improve Quality of Life.
Integrating smart buildings and smart city technology is the next frontier, for buildings will require cooperation by public and private sector. This is only possible by demonstrating the benefits so that all may work together on a coherent strategy that will meet each one’s goals. In the end, buildings and Smart Cities can provide a modern, functional and highly productive life for citizens and employees. Having a municipal plan that can be resilient and flexible in response to future challenges such as climate change and potential public health concerns is essential.
Smart City Challenge in Urban Governance
Legitimacy, Policy Making, Public Support
Organizational Structure, Administration, etc
Reduce Negative Impact, Resilience, etc
Promoting Democracy, Crime Prevention, etc
SMART CITY and smart building in time of pandemic
1. Detect and control the spread of infectious disease
Use of temperature measurement equipment that integrates intelligent video, AI, and thermal imaging
Intelligent sensing equipment for epidemic prevention inspection at key locations reduces manual investment, infection risks and related costs
2. Facilitate the remote operation of the buildings in a lockdown and interact
with the grid
3. Connectivity for communication and entertainment is paramount.
A ‘Resilient City’ is prepared to absorb and recover from any shock or stress while maintaining its essential functions, structures, and identity, as well as adapting and thriving in the face of continual change. - (ICLEI, 2015)
RESILIENT CITY GOALS
Diverse livelihoods and employment
Reliable communication and mobility
Effective leadership and management
Finance and contingency funds
Reduced physical exposure
Integrated development planning
Continuity of critical services
RESILIENT CITY CHARACTERISTICS
THREATES TO THE CITY
RESILIENCY IN TIMES OF PANDEMIC
How best can buildings be designed for adaptability and then designated for use in large scale emergencies.
This model would allow hospital care to be available in a fraction of the time and at lower cost.
It also allows for continued ability to scale to meet demand.
If existing buildings had been structured for agility and flexibility, the structure could have reconfigured dozens of existing co-located smart buildings into a distributed hospital, instead of building from ground zero with resulting infrastructure and time costs.
INTEGRATED MOBILITY SYSTEM
Integrated Mobility Systems with Smart Buildings will expand the number of opportunities and means for all systems and people to travel more efficiently.
The integrated communications and adaptive mobility support systems will help optimize and load balance transportation within dense regions and resilient in facing any disruption.
RESILIENT URBAN ENERGY
Why We Need It
Cities of the world consumes 60% to 80% of global energy. Demand for energy is projected to increase in the future as cities population also grows. Thus, it is imperative that the energy system that is applied in a city could withstand any condition and future challenge such as the increasing demand climate change, decaying infrastructure, natural disaster, etc
Steps to Achieve
Adaptive Energy Management
- Mainstreaming energy management in urban policy
- Measuring energy at city level
Robust Energy Management
- Improvement of energy infrastructure
- Developing energy self-sufficient housing, buildings and urban blocks
Redundant Energy Management
- Diversity in energy management
- Effective finance schemes for smart energy management
Flexible Energy Management
- Long-term vision with mid-term strategic
- implementation plan
- Implementing pilot projects
Resourceful Energy Management
- Improving energy efficiency of housing and buildings
- Increasing RE production in cities if economically and technically efficient
- Effective urban transport policies
Integrated Energy Management
- Creating alliance among cities
POWER ICT AS DIGITAL UTILITY PLATFORM
A smart building is any structure that uses automated processes to automatically control the building’s operations including energy usage, air conditioning, ventilation, lighting, security and other systems . A smart building uses sensors, actuators, microchips, communication media, information tech in order to collect data and manage it according to a business functions and services.
The development of the smart building concept has become one of the products developed by Icon + as a Power ICT company as a digital utility platform, in addition to smart homes, smart cities and smart grids. Smart building design is the future of building industries.
BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
This building management system is mainly designed to manage and supervise the following activities:
- Energy management system - Elevators
- Lighting Control - Detection
- Air Conditioning System - PABX, Telecommunication
- Fire Alarm & Fire Fighting - Information Tech
- Public Address - UPS
- CCTV System Monitoring - Water Consumption
- Access Control, Parking Access, Intrusion
BUILDING ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Building Energy Management System (BEMS) is the system that controls and manages the building facilities, energy and environment. Effective use of BEMS would bring improvement of energy allocation, energy efficiencies and reduction of operating cost so the building value can be increased.
BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM & AI
A building automation system (BAS) consist of a system installed in building that controls and monitors building services responsible for heating, cooling, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, shading, life safety, alarm security system and etc .
Reducing energy consumption
Facilitating building operation
Monitoring and maintaining all services and facilities
Smart communication and data management
Access and integration to Smart City
 Pedro Domingues, Paulo Carreira, Renato Vieira, Wolfgang Kastner, “Building automation systems: Concepts and technology review,” Journal of Elsevier Computer Standards & Interfaces, Vol. 45, page 1-12, 2016
 Rasa Apanaviciene, Andrius Vanagas, and Paris A. Fokaides, “Smart Building Integration into a Smart City (SBISC): Development of a New Evaluation Framework,” Journal of Energies, May 2020.
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