Energy Talk Series IV| Smart Building for Resilient Cities

Uploaded by Prakarsa Jaringan Cerdas Indonesia | 19th January 2021 Script Writer : Miftahus Salam

Editor : Nisma Islami Maharani & Cecilia Novia


Smart City & City’s Resilience - Citizens and businesses expect municipalities to offer not only a means to survive, but to support a continued thriving, economically and in wellness. Smart Building definition is Building that has integrated system, communication infrastructure, through the use of data and autonomous, intelligent processing through technologies that enable different objects, sensors and functions within a building to communicate and interact with each other and also to be managed, controlled and automated in a remote way.


Smart Building Stakeholder

  • Owner, investor, asset manager, city authority

  • Public sector and corporate organization that are leasing or occupying the buildings

  • Property and facility manager

  • Individual tenants and occupants

Smart Building Criterias








Smart Building Benefit

Direct Benefit for Building Owner/Management

  • Lower operating cost

  • Lower emission

  • Attraction for new tenants

  • Healthy & productive workspace

  • Safety and security

Indirect Benefit for City Authority

  • New digital jobs

  • Improved safety

  • Enhanced city management

  • Increased citizen engagement, accessibility and inclusion

  • Increased city and community vibrancy

  • Increased capabilities to support new working and learning options

Innovation Benefit for Innovator/Researcher

  • More effective new city service

  • New digital innovation ecosystem supporting future innovation

  • Smart building as connected intelligent nodes

  • Enhanced city reputation

Smart Building act as connective tissue, linking a municipality and its citizenry by fostering human interaction and by supporting IoT rich environments.

Smart City is a city that can utilize its resources effectively and efficiently to solve any city challenges using smart solution by providing infrastructures and deliver city services to improve Quality of Life.

Integrating smart buildings and smart city technology is the next frontier, for buildings will require cooperation by public and private sector. This is only possible by demonstrating the benefits so that all may work together on a coherent strategy that will meet each one’s goals. In the end, buildings and Smart Cities can provide a modern, functional and highly productive life for citizens and employees. Having a municipal plan that can be resilient and flexible in response to future challenges such as climate change and potential public health concerns is essential.


Smart City Challenge in Urban Governance

  • Legitimacy, Policy Making, Public Support

  • Service Delivery

  • Organizational Structure, Administration, etc

  • Reduce Negative Impact, Resilience, etc

  • Promoting Democracy, Crime Prevention, etc

SMART CITY and smart building in time of pandemic

1. Detect and control the spread of infectious disease

  • Use of temperature measurement equipment that integrates intelligent video, AI, and thermal imaging

  • Intelligent sensing equipment for epidemic prevention inspection at key locations reduces manual investment, infection risks and related costs

2. Facilitate the remote operation of the buildings in a lockdown and interact

with the grid

3. Connectivity for communication and entertainment is paramount.


RESILIENT CITY

A ‘Resilient City’ is prepared to absorb and recover from any shock or stress while maintaining its essential functions, structures, and identity, as well as adapting and thriving in the face of continual change. - (ICLEI, 2015)


RESILIENT CITY GOALS

  • Diverse livelihoods and employment

  • Reliable communication and mobility

  • Social security

  • Effective leadership and management

  • Finance and contingency funds

  • Empowered stakeholders

  • Reduced physical exposure

  • Integrated development planning

  • Continuity of critical services


RESILIENT CITY CHARACTERISTICS







THREATES TO THE CITY






RESILIENCY IN TIMES OF PANDEMIC

How best can buildings be designed for adaptability and then designated for use in large scale emergencies.

  • This model would allow hospital care to be available in a fraction of the time and at lower cost.

  • It also allows for continued ability to scale to meet demand.

If existing buildings had been structured for agility and flexibility, the structure could have reconfigured dozens of existing co-located smart buildings into a distributed hospital, instead of building from ground zero with resulting infrastructure and time costs.


INTEGRATED MOBILITY SYSTEM

Integrated Mobility Systems with Smart Buildings will expand the number of opportunities and means for all systems and people to travel more efficiently.

The integrated communications and adaptive mobility support systems will help optimize and load balance transportation within dense regions and resilient in facing any disruption.


RESILIENT URBAN ENERGY

Why We Need It

Cities of the world consumes 60% to 80% of global energy. Demand for energy is projected to increase in the future as cities population also grows. Thus, it is imperative that the energy system that is applied in a city could withstand any condition and future challenge such as the increasing demand climate change, decaying infrastructure, natural disaster, etc


Steps to Achieve








Policy Recommendation

  • Adaptive Energy Management

- Mainstreaming energy management in urban policy

- Measuring energy at city level

  • Robust Energy Management

- Improvement of energy infrastructure

- Developing energy self-sufficient housing, buildings and urban blocks

  • Redundant Energy Management

- Diversity in energy management

- Effective finance schemes for smart energy management

  • Flexible Energy Management

- Long-term vision with mid-term strategic

- implementation plan

- Implementing pilot projects

  • Resourceful Energy Management

- Improving energy efficiency of housing and buildings

- Increasing RE production in cities if economically and technically efficient

- Effective urban transport policies

  • Integrated Energy Management

- Creating alliance among cities


POWER ICT AS DIGITAL UTILITY PLATFORM

A smart building is any structure that uses automated processes to automatically control the building’s operations including energy usage, air conditioning, ventilation, lighting, security and other systems [1]. A smart building uses sensors, actuators, microchips, communication media, information tech in order to collect data and manage it according to a business functions and services.

The development of the smart building concept has become one of the products developed by Icon + as a Power ICT company as a digital utility platform, in addition to smart homes, smart cities and smart grids. Smart building design is the future of building industries.


BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

This building management system is mainly designed to manage and supervise the following activities:

- Energy management system - Elevators

- Lighting Control - Detection

- Air Conditioning System - PABX, Telecommunication

- Fire Alarm & Fire Fighting - Information Tech

- Public Address - UPS

- CCTV System Monitoring - Water Consumption

- Access Control, Parking Access, Intrusion


BUILDING ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

Building Energy Management System (BEMS) is the system that controls and manages the building facilities, energy and environment. Effective use of BEMS would bring improvement of energy allocation, energy efficiencies and reduction of operating cost so the building value can be increased.


BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM & AI

A building automation system (BAS) consist of a system installed in building that controls and monitors building services responsible for heating, cooling, ventilation, air conditioning, lighting, shading, life safety, alarm security system and etc [2].

  1. Reducing energy consumption

  2. Facilitating building operation

  3. Monitoring and maintaining all services and facilities

  4. Smart communication and data management

  5. Access and integration to Smart City



Reference

[1] Pedro Domingues, Paulo Carreira, Renato Vieira, Wolfgang Kastner, “Building automation systems: Concepts and technology review,” Journal of Elsevier Computer Standards & Interfaces, Vol. 45, page 1-12, 2016

[2] Rasa Apanaviciene, Andrius Vanagas, and Paris A. Fokaides, “Smart Building Integration into a Smart City (SBISC): Development of a New Evaluation Framework,” Journal of Energies, May 2020.


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